PATENT is a statutory right granted for an invention that is novel and not available in the public domain. The Government grants these rights to the patentee after full disclosure of the information related to the invention. This right is given for a limited period – 20 years from the date of filing of the application. The different Types of Patent Application are
- Provisional Patent Application
- Ordinary or Complete Application
- Convention Patent Application
- PCT International Patent Application
- PCT National Phase Patent Application
- Patents of Additions
- Divisional Patent Application
Benefits of Patent Registration:
- The Patent protects your invention from unauthorized use,
- Gives you an exclusive right over it.
- It contributes to the growth of the business,
- Attract foreign investment,
- Helps in raising funds,
- Builds brand value,
- Proves to be a contributory asset, and most importantly – it gives you recognition for your efforts.
- Apart from these- when you license it, you get a fair amount of royalty fee.
Documents Required for Patent Registration
- Complete specification (in English)
- Name, address, and nationality of inventors
- Name, address, and nationality of applicants
- Power of Attorney (To be filed in case the application is filed by a patent agent)
- Assignment Deed or Application Form endorsed by the inventor (if the inventors are not the applicants)
- Details of corresponding applications filed in other countries (Information and undertaking under Section 8)
- Verified English translation of the priority application (required for convention applications).
- Verified English translation of the PCT application (required only for national phase applications) Agent can verify the English translation of the PCT application on behalf of the applicant.
- Certified copy of the priority application, if requested by the Controller, usually given for Convention Applications.
Requirements for Patent Registration
- Patentable subjects of an invention must either be a product or process.
- Industrial Applicability
- Inventive Step
Steps To Patent Registration
The detailed procedure for patent registration
Step- 1: Patent search:
Before filing the application, one has to conduct a patent search and check the eligibility of registering the Patent. We will help you conduct an end-to-end patent search to ensure that your invention satisfies all the grounds of patentability. We shall further advise you on various matters concerning the modifications if any required to make the invention patentable.
Step- 2: Submission of Provisional specification/ Complete specification:
After a thorough patent search and preliminary check- the next step is to draft a patent application as per FORM-1, accompanied by the patent specification as per FORM-2 If one files a provisional specification- then a complete specification has to be filed within 12 months. In case of default, the applications stand abandoned. Our expert team shall help you in the entire drafting process by considering very minute detail given to draft a comprehensive specification.
Step- 3: Publication of application:
After 18 months of the filing of the application, the application will be published. However, a request for early publication (within nine months) can be made at the patent office.
Step- 4: Request for examination:
Once the application is filed, a request for examination of the application must be made within 48 months from filing the application or priority date as per FORM-18. The earlier done is better. The Patent Officer will conduct a thorough search and then draft a FER (First Examination Report), which will contain a detailed analysis of the invention and objection if any.
Step- 5: Examination report and Reply to objections
The examination report will be sent to the patentee, and if there are no objections recorded- the application will be published for pre-grant oppositions.
In case there is any discrepancy in the invention and objections are recorded- then the reply to the objections has to be filed within six months, which can be extended up to 3 months.
Step- 6: Pre- grant oppositions:
After the application is published, as per Section 25(1) – any third party or the Government can challenge the grant of the application after publication but before the grant. Any person challenging the grant has to file in writing as per FORM 7-A the grounds of opposition and submit it to the Registrar within six months from the date of publication.
Note: Pre-Grant oppositions can be filed even before the examination of the application is concluded. However, it will be considered only after a request for examination is placed.
Step- 7: Reply to Oppositions:
In case any opposition is filed, the entire process of reply, evidence submission, and hearing process will occur. Once all the oppositions are apparent, the Patent Officer will grant the Patent.
Step- 8: Grant of Patent:
Once everything is clear, the Patent will be granted, and the invention will be open for any post-grant opposition.