Copyright is an exclusive right given to the owners of the work. Copyright is a voluntary right conferred upon an author or owner of the work once the work is created. Copyright protection subsists in the work from the moment the work is created. However, to legally protect the work and get the added benefits, copyright registration is necessary. Unlike a trademark, registration of copyright is not mandatory; however, to legally protect the work and to have enforcement rights against the infringers, registration is handy. Also, in case of any infringement, a registered copyrighted work acts as prima – facie evidence to the case.
Rights of a Copyright Owner:
Ownership rights: Copyright registration entitles such a creator as its legal owner of creative works such as books, paintings, music, website, etc.
Protection from Infringer: Copyrights registration comes in handy and safeguards the rights of the creator of such works that might be misused by any third party.
Right to reproduce the original work, publish it for public acknowledgment,
Right to translate the work
RIght to adaptation, including its economic and moral rights.
Right to translation
Right to license and Assignment
Copyrightable Subject Matter:
Literary works - textbooks, poems, compilations, translations, computer software, database, tables, letters, novels, lyrics, etc...
Artistic work- drawings, graphs, designs, maps, pictures, sketches, sculpture, and architecture works, infrastructures, etc.
Cinematographic work- movies, dramas, short plays, YouTube channels, videos, musical videos, dance blogs, etc.
Dramatic work- choreographic videos, recitation, scenic arrangement, etc. but do not include cinematographic work.
Musical work- remixes, remakes, compilations, any combination of harmony and melody, graphical presentation of music
Details of the owner of the work
Tm-C - trademark search certificate
Power of attorney
Soft copy of the work
Details of the Copyright Applicant (Name and address)
Title of the Work
Type of the Work (Literary, Musical, Dramatic, etc.)
Whether the work is published or unpublished
Whether more than one person involved in the creative work?
NOC from the other person involved in the creative work
2 Copies of the work
Power of attorney if filed through Copyright Attorney
Step – 1: Filing of the Application:
The Applicant or the agent appointed can either physically or through speed post/ courier or e-fling file an application under Form- XIV of Copyright Rules, 2013 for the registration of copyright along with the prescribed fees (as per https://copyright.gov.in/frmFeeDetailsShow.aspx) and essential documents stated above.
Separate applications have to be filed for each work. After receiving the application, the registrar will issue a diary number to the said application.
Step- 2: Examination of the application:
After the issuance of the diary number, the examiner of copyrights will review the application within 30 days of the filing of the application, during which he/she shall call for objections to the said copyright. There is a two-fold aspect in this step:
1. If there are no objections raised, the examiner of copyright will move to the next step to scrutinize the documents to find discrepancies, if any.
a. In case any discrepancies arise, a letter of discrepancy is sent to the applicant, and the applicant is given time to file a reply to the examination report, based on which the hearing of the application will be set by the examiner. Once the issues are resolved, the application is sent for registration.
b. In case there are zero discrepancies, the application is directly sent for registration.
2. If any objection is raised, then the following procedure is to be followed: a. Letter of objection is sent to both the parties, and a hearing is set up by the registrar. b. Upon hearing if the objection is rejected, the application goes ahead for scrutiny, and the above procedure is followed.
c. In case the objection is not clarified or resolved, the application is rejected, and a rejected letter is sent to the applicant.
Step – 3: Registration:
Once the entire examination process is done, the registrar will enter all the details of copyright in the register of copyrights and issue a certificate of copyrights to the applicant Registration of Copyrights (RoC)
Thus, the whole idea of copyrights is to acknowledge the originality and creativity of the work. However, the process looks small while reading; it is lengthy and might take up to 12 to 15 months to get it registered.
Benefits of Copyright Registration
Copyright registration secures the rights of the creators, companies, authors, writers, software developers, etc.
It confirms the ownership of the created by the original owners of such work and prevents any third party from misusing the same either offline or public domain.
Restricts Unauthorized Reproduction
Creation of Asset
Copyright helps in establishing credibility in Market